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bridewealth definition anthropology

lobola in South Africa, sin sod in Thailand, walwar in Afghanistan or ambra poka among the Maring of Papua New Guinea), the practice of exchanging goods from the husband's family to the bride's family upon marriage has been practiced for centuries. See more. Bilateral descent: descent is recognized through both the father and the mother’s sides of the family. Adaptive strategies: Definition. For today's lesson on how marriage is often arranged through economic transactions, like bride price and dowry, I'll use a little story from my past. Bride price, bridewealth, or bride token, is money, property, or other form of wealth paid by a groom or his family to the family of the woman he will be married to or is just about to marry. Bride price definition, (in some nonindustrial societies) the money or goods given to the family of a bride by the bridegroom or his family. Material culture is a term used in archaeology and other anthropology-related fields to refer to all the corporeal, tangible objects that are created, used, kept and left behind by past and present cultures. The film tells the story of the last time the Kawelka performed a ritual to honor Amb Kor, a female ancestral spirit known … Among the 563 cultures listed in Murdock's World Atlas of Cultures (1981), 226 practice bridewealth. Examples/ definitions with source references "Bridewealth is the widespread custom that requires a man and/or his relatives to transfer wealth to the relatives of his bride. Typically, "these payments balance a transfer of rights over the wife's sexuality, work services, residence, and fertility" (Keesing 1981 : 508). (London School of Economics, Monographs on Social Anthropology, No. Define bride wealth. Definition of Culture. Avunculocal: married individuals live with or near an uncle. Mode of production: Definition. What are synonyms for Bridewealth? Thursday, February 9, 2012. Bridewealth, also called bride-price or marriage payment, payment made by a groom or his kin to the kin of the bride in order to ratify a marriage. The inflation of bridewealth payments and the increasing monetarization of the practice are often the source of household debts. Though proponents of the practice often argue that the practice is not akin to 'selling daughters' and even though the terminology associated with the practice in native languages does not always connote economic exchange, some critics maintain that bridewealth is associated with the commodification of women, and encourages men's conceptions of having 'bought' a woman. Atlas of World Cultures. Clan: a group of people who have a general notion of common descent that is not attached to a specific biological ancestor. a type of antelope; a shrub or small tree with large clusters of bell-shaped flowers ; a traditional … Murdock, George Peter. Rather, I question the utility of excluding consideration of the spe- cifics of contemporary conditions in the study of adaptive variation in behavioural expression (see Borgerhoff Mulder et al. The Code of Hammurabi details this practice in ancient Mesopotamia, the books of Genesis and Exodus dictate regulations for the payment of Moha (from the groom to the bride's father) and passages from the Iliad and the Odyssey suggest that bridewealth was a custom in Homeric Greece. n. See bride price. Bridewealth exchange is also criticized for its impacts on girls and women. Noun. 22.) Her children will belong to the lineage and clan of their father. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. Bridewealth, or more specifically the relevance of practicing bridewealth, is the subject of television and radio programs, feature length films (for example, Fanie Furie's Lobola), magazines, Websites and blogs, in addition to being a cause taken up by a number of non-profit organizations globally (e.g. the set of learned behaviors, beliefs, attitudes, values, and ideals that are characteristic of a particular society or population. Synonyms for Bridewealth in Free Thesaurus. That people value ‘people’ over ‘things’ is argued often by anthropologists, but how people value specific forms and qualities of relations as they do in the example of bridewealth is less so. The inflation in the quantity and cost of objects exchanged as well as the sums of money often demanded in bridewealth exchanges is roundly denounced, even by those practicing it, and creates situations in which some men, particularly those issued from lower or impoverished social classes, are no longer able to marry as they lack the necessary funds. Term *Agriculture was independently invented around the world at the same time: Definition. The evolutionary psychologists' position is not inaccurate; by definition, all adaptations are shaped by past selective conditions. What is bridewealth? ... “Anthropology and Apartheid: The Work of South African Anthropologists”, in Fortes, M. and Patterson, S., eds., Studies in African Social Anthropology, London, 1975. It is also understood as a form of compensation for the loss of labor, productive and reproductive, the bride's family incurs when she marries and moves out. Bride price can be compared to dowry, which is paid to the groom, or used by the bride to help establish the new household, and dower, which is property settled on the bride herself by the groom at the time of marriage. ... (dictionary definition). Further critiques of bridewealth argue that the practice not only condones, but encourages domestic violence and a hindering of women's agency, especially in the case of divorce and the custody of children issued from a marriage. The anthropologist Roger Keesing defined bridewealth as " [m]arriage payments from the husband and his kin to the bride's kin." Women who are unable to mobilize the necessary funds for the reimbursement (via their families, or another man who is interested in marrying them) are therefore unable to leave unhappy, or even violent relationships. 04/01/2009. Cultural Anthropology: A Contemporary Perspective. Bridewealth: payments made to the bride’s family by the groom’s family before marriage. anthropology ; Chinese studies ; development studies ; social policy ; Asian studies. The bride price or bride wealth system constitutes assumes an important role in the distribution of family property and the arrangement of exchanges and alliances among families in many socieities. Gary Ferraro & Susan Andreatta, Cultural Anthropology , 8th edn. Bride price, also referred to as “bride wealth,” is the most common of these, occurring in approximately 44% of all societies that have explicit forms of marital economic transactions. Christine Jourdan, Alexis Black and Fabienne Labbé. 2013. Though many individuals in communities where bridewealth is practiced value the custom as a method for linking families, as a demonstration of a potential husband's ability to provide for a woman's future and more generally as a material expression of the value of women in their societies, the practice is criticized by many. In view of the research project we are currently conducting on bridewealth in Solomon Islands, we put an emphasis on manifestations of the practice in the Pacific and in the Solomon Islands. Domesti… Department of Sociology & Anthropology In some societies, this increase may lead young men to take out loans, often equivalent to several years' salary, and in extreme cases, to steal in order to satisfy the demands of their bride's families (for example, the rising problem of "cattle rustling" correlated to bridewealth demands in countries like Kenya and South Sudan). Bride Wealth. This database is intended to serve scholars, communities and individuals as they explore this widespread practice and the articulation of these customary practices embedded in national and international legal … ... pects of Bridewealth and Marriage Stability among the Kachin and Lakher”; “Cronus and Chronos”; and “Time and False Noses.” ... all universal definitions of marriage are vain” if those definitions are stated in terms of concrete symbols, concrete rights, and concrete expressions … The practice of paying bridewealth maintains cultural importance in a number of contemporary societies where it persists not only in rural areas, but in urban settings as well, including in the marital unions of the well-educated middle and upper class. Essentially this means that bridewealth marriages are those in which the groom (and often his family) remit a payment in some form to the bride's family in order to officialize a marriage. Thomas Barfield. ( ANTHROPOLOGY) a payment from the groom's kin to the bride's kin at marriage. Also known as bride price, bride token, or under different vernacular names (e.g. The Dictionary of Anthropology. New search | ... Nuosu on-going and dynamic negotiation and engagement with state definitions of ethnicity and legitimacy has thus led to the reification of the state as an interlocutor at the most local level and in core events of Nuosu's daily life, importantly the practice of bridewealth. Created. For cultures that embrace bridewealth, divorce is only recognized once the family of the groom acknowledges the return of the bridewealth (Callan, Street & Underdown, 2013). Material culture refers to objects that are used, lived in, displayed and experienced; and the terms includes all the things people make, including tools, pottery, houses, furniture, buttons, roads, … Knauft's analysis of the Gebusi's kinship ties led him to discover the relationship between sister exchanges and sorcery accusations. Click here to study/print these flashcards ... Cards Return to Set Details. Many speak of bridewealth as a token of respect for the girl and her family, and a form of appreciation for the hard work they put into raising her. ... 13. E. R. LEACH. DOI: 10.1086/201505 E-mail Citation » Reading caste from the “bottom up,” Mencher makes two related arguments: that caste is fundamentally a system of economic exploitation; and that, as a result, one of its functions has been the denial of class-based social groupings. Cultural Anthropology book is an introduction to cultural anthropology. The term ‘brideprice’ is rarely used now because of the implication that the woman is being purchased. In many of these societies, when the girl marries, she leaves her parents' family, and sometimes her village, and continues her life in her husband's village or family (virilocality). 626 pp.Companion Encyclopedia of Anthropology: Humanity, Culture, and Social Life. But anthropology is indeed just that … See definitions & examples. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. Humanity - an introduction to cultural anthropology (9th edition, 2009, Wadsworth) … Descent groups: relationships that provide members with a sense of identity and social support based on ties of shared ancestry. Design, Anthropology and Diaspora Digital Anthropology Disability and Deaf Studies and Anthropology Douglas, Mary Drake, St. Clair Dreaming Durkheim and the Anthropology of Religion Economic Anthropology Embodied/Virtual Environments Embodiment ( dowries ) Payment, as property or money, of a bride’s inheritance by her family to the groom or his family at the time of marriage. When bridewealth was paid, and where customary law coexists with modern law, children's custody is often given to the father and his family, as bridewealth is also meant to secure the products of women's fertility. Anthropology. In such cultures, a marriage is not reckoned to have ended until the return of bridewealth has been acknowledged, signifying divorce. Critiques of Bridewealth: Constraints on Men. bride wealth synonyms, bride wealth pronunciation, bride wealth translation, English dictionary definition of bride wealth. 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